A friend recently posted this question: “What does G.R. in case numbers mean?”
She was actually referring to Supreme Court case citations. A case citation is basically a way to refer to past court case decisions. The example in the Wikipedia article is: Fortich v. Corona, G.R. No. 131457, 24 April 1998, 289 SCRA 624.
From the same article, it was pointed out that “G.R. No 131457” is the “case docket number originally assigned by the Supreme Court… .” The article, however, does not say what G.R. represents.
Although a bit trivial, this was a question I could not leave unanswered. 🙂
As used by the Supreme Court, G.R. stands for General Register. My friend had a difficult time googling it, so I would like to share my references here.
One of my sources is this New York University School of Law journal where G.R. (under the section for The Philippines) was officially defined as “General Register of advance decisions.”
I also saw General Register used in the Cambridge University Press publication called the Genetic Suspects: Global Governance of Forensic DNA Profiling and Databasing. Part of the references in Chapter 15: The Philippine Experience is shown below (Screen printed from books.google.com preview. Emphasis mine.). Instead of the abbreviation G.R., the term General Register was spelled out in the source cases.
A.M. No. 10-4-20-SC or The Internal Rules of the Supreme Court also use General Register. Here is a snippet from Rule 6 Section 4 (copy of the A.M. from lawphil.net).
Section 4. Docket number and entry in logbook. – An initiatory pleading properly filed shall be assigned a docket or G.R. (General Register) number, which shall identify the case for record purposes until its termination under the Rules of Court.
Administrative cases are not listed as G.R. (General Register) cases as they are not acted upon in the exercise of the Court’s judicial function.
As a process management person, I’m a big fan of parallelism and consistent naming conventions, and so naturally – being a Law layman – I find it interesting that our Supreme Court has a defined way of cataloguing cases.
P.S. SCRA = Supreme Court Reports Annotated. AM = Administrative Matters.